Melfi was mainly an agricultural center until the beginning of the nineties, since then the industrial sector received a boost in the frazione of San Nicola, with the building of an automobile factory owned by Fiat. The plant contributed to the economic recovery of the company in the mid-nineties and the growth of its market share in Europe.

There are also about 30 companies linked to the implant, including Magneti Marelli, Tower Automotive, Benteler, Proma and Lear. The Fiat of Melfi has produced cars such as Grande Punto and Lancia Ypsilon and today is focused on the production of the Jeep Renegade and the Fiat 500X. The plant has produced 5.000.000 vehicles up to 2010.

Melfi also hosts a Barilla factory, built in 1994, and the seat of Gaudianello's mineral water company, among the top 10 national companies in the sector[3] and originally founded in Rionero in Vulture, where the extraction is carried out.

Food production

Melfi is one of the cities in the Vulture area involved in the production of the "Aglianico del Vulture", recognized as DOC, considered one of the greatest red wines of Italy,and the olive oil "Vulture". Another renowned product is the "marroncino", a type of chestnut used for many sweet and salty recipes and is precious for the industries specialized in the preparation of the marron glacé

 

HOME TO ITALY’S MOST BEAUTIFUL CASTLE

The medieval town of Melfi is situated in the province of Potenza, at the foot of the extinct volcano; Mount Vulture. The town itself is surrounded by a winding Norman city wall, the only one of its kind in Southern Italy.

Melfi has been inhabited since Neolithic times but begun gaining importance throughout the Middle Ages when it became the Norman Capital of Southern Italy. The spectacular scenery of this medieval village is not to be missed, with its splendid cathedral, Norman walls and rich cultural heritage.

Melfi is most famous for being the chosen headquarters of the Roman Emperor Federico II of Svevia.  From here he issued the famous “Constitutiones Augustales” to regulate feudal rights; the imposing stone castle which stands on the hill was said to be his favourite residence, and also considered to be one of the most beautiful castles in Italy, featuring an impressive 10 towers. The castle has been
modified by its various residents over the years, and now includes the National Archaeological
Museum of Melfi.

MELFI CASTLE

Emerging from the rock face you will discover what is to be considered as one of the most beautiful castles in Italy, featuring an impressive 10 towers. The castle has been modified by its various residents over the years, and now includes the Archaeological Museum of Melfi which houses a fascinating collection of local artefacts dating back to 8th century BC including a sarcophagus of Asian origin dating back to the 2nd century BC.